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Small Business Employment Continues Slow Growth

Overall Revenues Drop While Construction Continues Increase

MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. – Apr. 30, 2013 – U.S. small business employment increased in April, while average compensation and hours worked decreased. Small business revenues continued to drop in March, while the construction industry continued to be the sole sector to see an increase.

Those are among the findings of the monthly Intuit Inc. (Nasdaq: INTU) Small Business Employment and Revenue Indexes. The report found that:

  • Employment rose by 0.11 percent in April, adding 20,000 new jobs, for an annualized growth rate of 0.9 percent.
  • Average monthly compensation fell by 0.4 percent in April, or $9, compared to the increase of $12 reported in March.
  • Average monthly hours worked fell by 0.8 percent, or 48 minutes, compared to the increase of 18 minutes reported in March.

This employment index is based on data from Intuit Online Payroll and QuickBooks Online Payroll, covering the period from March 24 through April 23.

"Small business employment continued its tepid growth trend in April, and geographic differences continue to be dramatic," said Susan Woodward, the economist who worked with Intuit to create the indexes. "Though Utah leads the pack in April's employment gains, the West South Central census division, dominated by Texas, has been leading the recovery overall, reaching nearly the same level of employment as in mid-2008. Texas' unusual mortgage law, which limited refinancing, may have spared the state from the worst of the defaults and the consequent decline in house values."

The Intuit Small Business Employment Index shows a 0.11 percent increase in employment for April. The Employment Index reflects data from approximately 180,000 small business employers, a subset of small businesses that use Intuit Online Payroll and QuickBooks Online Payroll. The month-to-month changes are seasonally adjusted and informative about the overall economy. The National Employment Index is from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Decrease in Hours Worked, Compensation

Small business hourly employees worked an average of 104.9 hours in April, down 0.8 percent from the revised figure of 105.7 hours in March, making for a 24-hour work week. Hours worked have been falling since mid-2011, and are currently below their 2009 level.

Small Business Employee Monthly Hours Worked for hourly employees decreased by 0.8 percent in April. The levels reflect data from approximately 500,000 hourly employees of the Intuit Online Payroll and QuickBooks Online Payroll customer set of approximately 180,000 small businesses and is not necessarily representative of all small businesses. The month-to-month changes are seasonally adjusted and informative about the overall economy.

Average monthly pay for small business employees fell to $2,676 in April, down 0.4 percent from the March revised figure of $2,685 per month. The equivalent yearly wages would be about $32,100 per year, which is part-time work for almost two-thirds of small business employees in Intuit's data.

Small Business Employee Monthly Compensation for all employees shows compensation decreased by 0.4 percent in April. This data includes the compensation paid by small business owners to themselves. The levels reflect data from approximately 800,000 employees of the Intuit Online Payroll and QuickBooks Online Payroll customer set of 180,000 small businesses, and are not necessarily representative of all small business employees. The month-to-month changes are seasonally adjusted and informative about the overall economy.

Small Business Employment by Geography

A state-by-state breakdown of employment growth showed that most states saw increases in April. Among the 36 states tracked by Intuit's Small Business Employment Index, employment rose in 31, remained flat in two and declined in three. Utah, Idaho and Michigan saw the largest increases in April. New Mexico, Arkansas and Louisiana showed the greatest declines, though the declines were almost flat, at 0.01 percent each.

State Change in Employment (%)
Alabama 0.06
Arizona 0.06
Arkansas -0.01
California 0.16
Colorado 0.12
Connecticut 0
Florida 0.06
Georgia 0.08
Idaho 0.20
Illinois 0.01
Indiana 0.12
Iowa 0.08
Kansas 0.07
Kentucky 0.16
Louisiana -0.01
Maryland 0.18
Massachusetts 0.08
Michigan 0.18
Minnesota 0.15
Missouri 0.02
Nevada 0.07
New Jersey 0.01
New Mexico -0.01
New York 0.02
North Carolina 0.09
Ohio 0.03
Oklahoma 0.02
Oregon 0.13
Pennsylvania 0
South Carolina 0.06
Tennessee 0.03
Texas 0.11
Utah 0.30
Virginia 0.02
Washington 0.11
Wisconsin 0.08

Small Business Employment results were mixed for the states in which Intuit Online Payroll and QuickBooks Online Payroll has more than 1,000 small business firms. The month-to-month changes are seasonally adjusted and informative about the overall economy.

March Small Business Revenue Decline

The March Small Business Revenue Index showed a 0.4 percent overall revenue decline on a per business basis.

"Construction was the only industry to see revenues rise in March," said Woodward. "Over the past year, the sector has seen two percent growth on a revenue-per-business basis. Across all industries, revenues per business were 0.2 percent below where they were a year ago."

The real estate and the professional services industries saw the greatest revenue declines in March, at 1.2 percent and 0.9 percent respectively. Revenue in the "other services" sector declined the least in March, at 0.09 percent, followed by health care at 0.3 percent. This index is based on data from QuickBooks Online, covering the period from March 1-31.

The Intuit Small Business Revenue Index is based on data from more than 150,000 small businesses, a subset of the total QuickBooks Online financial management user base.

About The Intuit Small Business Indexes

The Intuit Small Business Indexes provide unique, near real-time information each month on the activity of the smallest businesses in the U.S. in terms of revenue, hiring and compensation trends. The Employment Index is based on anonymized, non-identifiable aggregated data from 180,000 small business employers, a subset of users that use Intuit Online Payroll and QuickBooks Online Payroll. The Revenue Index is based on anonymized, non-identifiable aggregated data from approximately 150,000 small businesses, a subset of users that use Intuit's QuickBooks Online financial management offering and are matched in Dun & Bradstreet's small business industry classifications. Together, the indexes provide a more complete picture of the economic health of the nation's small businesses. More information on the Intuit Small Business Indexes is available at index.intuit.com.

About Intuit Inc.

Intuit Inc. is a leading provider of business and financial management solutions for small and mid-sized businesses; financial institutions, including banks and credit unions; consumers and accounting professionals. Its flagship products and services, including QuickBooks®, Quicken® and TurboTax®, simplify small business management and payroll processing, personal finance, and tax preparation and filing. ProSeries® and Lacerte® are Intuit's leading tax preparation offerings for professional accountants. Intuit Financial Services helps banks and credit unions grow by providing on-demand solutions and services that make it easier for consumers and businesses to manage their money.
     Founded in 1983, Intuit had annual revenue of $4.15 billion in its fiscal year 2012. The company has approximately 8,500 employees with major offices in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, India and other locations. More information can be found at www.intuit.com.

Intuit and the Intuit logo, among others, are registered trademarks and/or registered service marks of Intuit Inc. in the United States and other countries. The Intuit Small Business Payroll Index is copyrighted by Intuit. Its contents may not be resold or modified in any way. It can be linked to and referenced with the following attribution: "Intuit Small Business Employment Index © Intuit Inc. All rights reserved." These Terms of Use supplement the Small Business Website Terms of Service at: http://smallbusiness.intuit.com/small-business/legal/index.jsp?_requestid=178246.

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